Dark spots on the skin are typically caused by hyperpigmentation or the skin in that area forming excess melanin. This usually occurs when the skin in that area has been damaged. In most cases you can remove dark spots by home remedies but if you have the symptoms, it is advisable to consult a doctor immediately.
Some of the reasons for the occurrence of dark spots are as under:
Hyperpigmentation is caused when the skin has become damaged in a particular area. It causes the skin to produce excess melanin, making a particular patch of skin look darker. Hyperpigmentation is a common condition for which many people seek treatment. A dermatologist will guide you through available options after ascertaining certain skin baselines.
Hormonal imbalances like those associated with pregnancy can cause such excessive pigmentation of cells which further lead to dark spots. Ascertaining the reason for dark spots is a primary action in this case, for which a dermatologist can be consulted.
Prolonged Exposure to sun:
Frequent exposure to the sun can also cause the skin to start producing excess melanin. This is a bodily reaction to protect itself from the UV rays. Topical treatments and avoidance of sun exposure are the best way to get rid of this type of hyperpigmentation.
Certain individuals are prone to developing dark spots on the skin as they age and the skin does not reproduce as readily, making it more difficult for the skin to eliminate the areas which have already been damaged. If you’ve only had the dark spots for a month or two, they may be contained within the top few layers of your skin. You might be able to get rid of them by simply exfoliating your face – the process of removing the top layer of skin, bringing new skin to the surface.
Dark spots can also be a symptom of some form of liver damage. Any damage to the liver causes dark spots as the body at this juncture is less effective in removing toxins from the cells. In such a scenario, it is advisable to consult a doctor.
Acne or scars can often leave dark spots on the skin that will take some time to fade.
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